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老舍研究活画出北京市民人物的灵魂——评老舍的长篇小说《离婚》
作者:徐冲    来源:网络搜集    点击数:3446

——Review on Lao She"s NovelDivorce~

Xu Chong

(Normal College of Vocational and Technical Training of BUU,Beijing,100011)

[Abstract] Lao She"s novel,Divorce,possesses an important role inhis life-long writing.It is also the indication of the maturity of hiswritings. The paper tries to analyse this outstanding novelfrom both the depth of thought and the artistic style. Its ideological significance lies in the fact that the author,with his keen insight,had not onlymade a vivid display,but also a severe criticism of the characters-carelessness,feebleness,perfunctoriness and compromise-and the townspeople"s unique culture among the townspeople in old Beijing,which had expressed the author"s deep feeling and the responsibility of the times.The most significant artistic style of the novel is humour in tears~.With his clear, exaggerated,popular and concise language,the author hadcreated typical characters that afford food for thought,and had developed a new way for the nationalization of novel writing in modern literature in China with his strong local colour, thus providing valuable experience.

[Key words]townspeople;soul;criticize

注释:

①a鲁迅:《坟》·《论睁了眼看》。见:《鲁迅全集》(第1卷)。北京:人民文学出版社,1982年,第237页。

②a高尔基:《给康·谢·斯坦尼斯拉夫斯基》。见:高尔基:《文学书简》(上卷)。北京:人民文学出版社,1962年,第426页。

③a④a赵园:《老舍——北京市民社会的表现者与批判者》。《文学评论》,1982年第2期,第35、50页。

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