关键词：传播理论 反思性 现代性 交往形式
from the perspective of combining the reflexive sociology and the communication theories, the present paper expounds the relationship between social practice of reflexivity and information communication, and points out particularly the sharp and fundamental nature of this relationship in the context of modernity. the paper reviews the recursive communication theory in the influenced by the reflexive sociology and dwells on emphatically carl marx’s and friedrich engels’ historical materialism on “verkehsform” and their views on mass communication and people’s self-consciousness, analyses the concern and explanation on communication and human reflexivity of all the theoretical schools on the basis of various critical standpoints existing after the establishment of marxism as well as the new distinguishing features of the communication contexts. this paper holds that human activities have been conducted in the structure of practical actions, structure of cognition and structure of communication (interchanging/contacts). the structure of communication has such two forms of existence as of reflexives and outward-expansion. the form of reflexive existence has the communication oriented towards intrapersonal communication so as to form a tension structure of cognitive structure of the same subject and also forms a circulation cycle of reflexivity. the form of outward expansion seeks intersubjectivity so as to establish a community of contacts. people’s structure of communication is subject to their environments and particularly forms a relationship akin to a synthesis together with the objective structure of media. the three structures of practice, cognition and communication influence and infiltrate each other and react to and turn to each other so that an unbroken cycle is formed. what enable such structures to result in a cycle of circulation are the subject’s intention, reflexivity and activity. the progress of communication technology does not necessarily bring forth the rationalization of the communication institution and communication sequence. nor does it bring forward the enhancement of human reflexivity. in terms of the goals of sound social development and human emancipation, the utilization of the communication technology’s achievements, the defense and enhancement of the practice consciousness of human reflexivity are to be a progressive proposition of the contemporary communication theories.