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《周易》的阴阳学说及其对实在的理解

收录:2006-4-11  作者:陈赟  来源:网络搜集  点击:2223
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摘要:《周易》体现的是周代的哲学意识,它的基本精神方向是以人承天,强调实在本身的未完成性以及人对于实在的参与性。《周易》对于实在的理解完全建立在阴阳观念上。阴阳在《周易》主要不是两种气体,而是隐显或幽明。在《周易》体系中,阴阳构成了实在的根本特征,以阴阳为中心的世界观具有不可测度、未决定性的特征,实在的显现总是具有新奇的面相,不断的自我更新是实在的本性;而且,实在的显现具有时间性的特点。《周易》对于实在的理解不是建立在主体—客体的模式上,而是以人与实在的交互参与、彼此渗透为基础,实在通过人的参与而成为实在,人也通过参与实在而将自身提升到人性的水平,随时的智慧正是人参与实在的基本途径。

关键词:周易;阴阳;实在

yin-yang theory and the implication of reality in zhouyi

abstract: zhouyi embodied the philosophical consciousness of the zhou dynasty. stressing the incompleteness of reality itself and humans participation into the reality, zhouyi"s basic spirit is that human ought to emulate the way of heaven. reality implicated in zhouyi was completely founded on the concepts of yin and yang. yin and yang in zhouyi were not two kinds of gases, but properties of hiding & appearing or dimness & brightness. in the system of zhouyi, yin and yang constitutes the basic characteristics of reality. the world outlook with yin-yang being the core is characterized with unpredictability and undecidedness and the reality always appears with novelty, hence constant self-renewing forms the nature of reality. besides, the appearing of reality has the property of time. the implication of reality in zhouyi was not founded on the binary mode of subjectobject, but on the mutual participation and mutual permeation between human and heaven. through human"s participation, reality become reality, and human enhances itself to the realm of human nature. the wisdom of changing with time is just the basic approach for human to participate into reality.

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